Programme

The cultural richness and diversity of the human world are facts which nobody questions today. These facts raise again the questions of human essence, of the structure, workings and mechanisms of the changeability of culture, of the modes and transformations of values unfolding in human history. The majority of these questions – albeit in different forms and of various intensity – have been posed for a long time, which does not mean, however, that they have ceased to be important in current thought. Their topicality is testified to in debates over the sense of modernity and historical progress, over the plurality of cultures and the ‘clash of civilisations’, over the future of western civilisation, over the distinction of high and mass culture, over difficulties emerging in the context of bioethics, over the frontiers of liberty in virtual reality. Therefore, the quarterly Culture and Values discusses questions which are on the one hand timeless and concern the structure and mechanisms of culture as such, but on the other hand are of a contemporary and topical aspect as they reflect special challenges of the present day. This problematic includes the following detailed fields of problems (approached from the perspective of various academic disciplines):

  • the cultural specificity of human existence
  • the ontology of culture and its elements, such as, e.g., morality, knowledge, language, artwork
  • the function of values in individual life and culture
  • historical and cultural changeability and diversity of values
  • typological diversity of values and their specifics (moral, aesthetic, intellectual, social values, hedonist and other values)
  • changeability and plurality of cultures, their typology, the possibility of constructing a universal culture
  • cultural diversity and current globalisation processes
  • the meaning, causes and modes of historical change, the problem of historical progress
  • historical and contemporary debates and theories in philosophical anthropology
  • the problem of human freedom
  • historical and contemporary debates and ethical theories
  • historical and contemporary debates and aesthetic theories
  • historical and contemporary debates and theories in social and political philosophy
  • philosophy and other disciplines’ consideration of culture, history and values
  • the epistemological and methodological issues of cultural studies, history and values
  • moral and axiological aspects of current challenges (globalisation, the problem of poverty, ecology, computer revolution, etc)
  • moral and axiological aspects of European Union policies (values founding the identity of Europe, axiological unity and diversity, duties of Europe faced with other cultures,  immigrants and their cultural assimilation, the Judeo-Christian and secular history of Europe and its present identity).

This list of  issues is not exhaustive, but still open to new problems – not unlike the dynamics of culture itself unfolding in its history of values. To discuss these questions is not only of  theoretical significance, serving the enrichment of its self-consciousness, but is also practical, indicating directions for solving the dilemmas of contemporaneity.   The discussion of these problems has  not only theoretical but practical  meaning as well, showing the directions towards the solution of  these dilemmas, of which the present day is full. Even if a final or fully-satisfactory solution cannot be wholly attained, one may hope that situating research not only within the sub-disciplines of philosophy, but also in other academic disciplines will result in accurate results, contributing to a better understanding of the phenomena of the human being, culture and values. Today, philosophy as a scholarly discipline cannot conduct its research without knowing how other disciplines approach the world, including the human being and culture.