ANDRZEJ NOWICKI’S PHILOSOPHY OD „ASCENSION-INTO-THE-WORK
edited by Zofia Majewska
S C H O L A R L Y A R T I C L E S:
Andrzej Nowicki’s book collection with more than four thousand books, seen through the eyes of his daughter, is a peculiar “pretext” to demonstrate how important the “world” of books, and even broader, the world of “written words” was to him. And how it was manifested in his hundreds of pages read every day and his growing library. His bibliotheca tells a great deal about his philosophical passion, research interests, as well as intellectual, cultural and educational needs. It reflects also his scholarly and philosophical biography and indicates the important areas of his creativity: the history of philosophy including Renaissance, Italian philosophy and the philosophy of culture, Freemasonry, Chinese culture as well as atheism and the study of religion. Moreover, it also reflects his poetic biography. My father’s book collection demonstrates his solid historical approach to the research through collecting a broad range of literature and sources which sometimes seem to be very far from the subject of his research, as well as through his carefulness in documenting (including a rich iconographic collection), comprising the documentation of his creativity and biography. This collection of books is exceptional not only because of the thematic areas mentioned above, but also due to a rich collection of his Masters and his students’ books. Its uniqueness is also due to the fact that it belongs to another era which ends with the advent of the Internet.
Keywords: father, bibliotheca, philosophy, culture, creativity, science
Teresa Rzepa, What Is Hidden beneath the Translations of Plato’s Dialogues and the Book Twardowski’s Pupil fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
On the basis of the excerpts from Władysław Witwicki’s letters and commentaries on Plato’s dialogues, the manipulation techniques which he had employed are described. Simultaneously, this paper suggests that Andrzej Nowicki, who treated his teacher Witwicki as someone who made a great impact on his personality, adopted and used these techniques in his book Twardowski’s Pupil.
Keywords: manipulation techniques, relations “author-narrator”
Zdzisław Kalita, The Renaissance Sources of Erganthropy fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
This paper indicates that Professor Andrzej Nowicki’s central philosophical category in the concept of the human being is a human being categorized as the creator of the world of works. The works determine the value of human beings, the wealth of their personality; add value and give sense to their life; immortalize their name. A fundamental inspiration for this conception was derived by A. Nowicki from the philosophy of the Renaissance, particularly from such thinkers as Giannozzo Manetti, Giordano Bruno and Giulio Cesare Vanini.
Keywords: human being, value of the human being, creator of the world of works, erga, opera humana, ergocentrism, value of life, sense of life, immortality of the name, philosophy of the Renaissance
Krzysztof Wieczorek, The Footprint, the Presence of Stigma Registered. On the Incontrology and Ergantrophy of Andrzej Nowicki fulltextpdf (in Polish)
On the occasion of the first anniversary of Professor Andrzej Nowicki’s death the author recalls the most valuable – in his opinion – intellectual inspirations of his former teacher. They focus on the incontrological and erganthrophic vision of the human being, consistently developed and discussed in the numerous publications by Nowicki. The first trace of the new human recognition appeared in 1966 in the article “The Atheistic Perpective of Immortality” in the journal Euhemer. Andrzej Nowicki developed the main ideas of his philosophical theory of encounters – called by him incontrology – in two books: The Human Being in the World of Works, Warsaw 1974 and The Encounter in Things, Warsaw 1991. On the other hand, the most comprehensive presentation of the concept of the so-called ergantrophy can be found in a paper delivered at the Congress of Polish Philosophy in Cracow, entitled “Ergantrophy as a Central Category of Philosophy of Culture” and published in Philosophical Studies, 1987, No.11. The author of this article exposes the most innovative philosophical solutions of Nowicki who challenges many preconceived notions of the nature and essence of the human being. At the same time, these solutions are confronted with critical reflection in the light of other authors’ thoughts, which sheds light on the meaning and interpretation of the concepts reconstructed in this text.
Keywords: ergantrophy, incontrology, philosophy of encounters, footprint, presence, stigma registered
Światosław Florian Nowicki, The Hegelian Sources of Erganthropy fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
Hegelian philosophy enables one to approach thoroughly the issue of the human Dasein as one of the aspects of the question of the relationship of thinking and being, fundamental to modern philosophy. Hegel captures this relation dynamically, first as a process of the idea going beyond itself, its exteriorization and crossing into nature, into what is proper of things, and subsequently as a process of Aufhebung of this external thingness through its transformation into the spiritual world. The human being makes the Aufhebung, which consists in forming of what is natural, in creating the world of culture as a world of things making up the distinctly human world, and on the highest level, in forming the world of thoughts through making solidified notions liquid (the notions which correspond to the Vorstellung of the world as the accumulation of separate things), and subsequently in recognizing in all the absolute spirit whose moment – as its real isolated self-knowledge – is the human being. Andrzej Nowicki’s erganthropy focuses on one of the phases of the process represented in the philosophy of Hegel: notably on the creation of the objective world of culture, owing to which human beings grant themselves an existence outside oneself in the things which are their works. According to Hegel, in the world of culture, of significance are individualities that themselves (just like their works) result from forming, are the product of the culture, something of general meaning. The human being becomes such an individuality only owing to assimilating the received world of culture and processing it into their own substance. Only then does the human being become capable of creating their own works as works enriching the received world of culture – works whose value is general and which are of significance to others. The common denominator of the erganthropy of Andrzej Nowicki and the philosophy of Hegel is their positive, even enthusiastic attitude to human culture which is placed higher than the world of nature.
Keywords: Absolute, human being, spirit, work, exteriorization, individuality, culture
Stefan Symotiuk, On the ‘Superiority’ of Giordano Bruno over Benedict de Spinoza, or On the Rapport Andrzej Nowicki – Leszek Kołakowski. An Introduction to an Essay about ‘Parallel Lives’’ fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
Many of the protagonists of the “Warsaw school of the historians of ideas” are overshadowed today by the personality and work of Leszek Kołakowski. The author demonstrates that there were figures equal to Kołakowski, and perhaps more significant intellectually and culturally. He recalls Andrzej Nowicki as a thinker capable of competing with Kołakowski and worthy of being presented in a “parallel biography”, juxtaposing their vicissitudes and views in Poland after 1945.
Keywords: Warsaw school of the historians of ideas, anthropocentrism – humanism, optimism – pessimism
Janusz Łukaszyński, Andrzej Rusław Nowicki’s Incontrological Concept of Reciprocity fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
This paper presents the issue of reciprocity in the context of Andrzej Nowicki’s incontrology. Reciprocity is one of the central problems of numerous concepts explaining social relations. In the theory of social exchange reciprocity pertains to exchange. In the philosophy of the encounter (meeting) this is not the case because reciprocity does not signify exchange. What is common in various versions of the philosophy of the encounter is a condition of current reciprocity consisting in mutual and permanent transformation of personalities in people meeting each other. By creating his own concept of the philosophy of the encounter, notably incontrology, Andrzej Nowicki became one of many eminent thinkers focused on reciprocity. Andrzej Nowicki discovered the value of reciprocity; as a historian of philosophy in the philosophies developed by Giordano Bruno, Julio Cesare Vanini or Girolamo Fracastoro and others. The author of incontrology discerned the importance of the notion of reciprocity for the ideas of Władysław Witwicki. He also employed this theory to create his own distinction of the encounters with a portrait.
Keywords: Andrzej Nowicki, incontrology, reciprocity, principle of reciprocity
Krystyna Stawska-Skurjat, The Philosophical Content of Poetry as One of the Sources of Erganthropic Incontrology fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
This paper presents Andrzej Nowicki’s open system of philosophy of culture (EIS) based on erganthropy, the study of the forms of human beings’ presence in the things produced by them; incontrology, the philosophy of meetings (encounters); spatiocentrism, the philosophy of space. Axiology is the center of the system, in which the highest value is the World of High and Deep (Profound) Culture. It has been argued that an important source of this philosophy is poetry, which mediates in the intensification of the reception of the human world in the aesthetic experience.
Keywords: culture, meeting (encounter), poetry, axiology, aesthetic experience, metaphysics
Zofia Majewska, On the Role of the Name in Andrzej Nowicki’s Philosophy of Culture fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
Andrzej Nowicki began his philosophy of culture with sketching an atheist perspective of the immortality of the name which will survive in the works created by the human being. The category of the name was substituted with neologisms: ergantrophy (the real presence of human beings in the things created by them), incontrology (theory of encounters, meetings), “spacecentrism” (searching for the lacunae that can be filled with one’s work), acme (the peak). Nowicki considers the human being’s crowning achievements: Philosophy, Poetry, Painting and Music to be Culture. The measure of the value of the works are their novelty, originality and ability to stimulate creation. Professor Nowicki called the task of creating High and Profound Culture Athena Creanda.
Keywords: name, peak (acme), culture, axiology
R E V I E W S:
Agata Strządała, Kulturelle Geschichte des Bären – von dem Herrscher der Gemüter zum Kindermaskottchen. Über das Buch von Michel Patoureau The Bear. History of a Fallen King fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
R E P O R T S :
Dorota Barcik, Philosophy and Education/ Philosophie und Bildung (9 March 2013, Opole) fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
Leszek Kopciuch, The Contexts of Freedom (21-22 March 2013, Lublin) fulltext.pdf (in Polish)
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