Issue 1(9) /2014

  Wypedzenie28.02.jpg   From the Editorial Board fulltext.pdf (in English)

A R T I C L E S:

Artur Mordka, Aesthetic Qualities of Francis Bacon’s Canvases and the Issue of Value Response fulltext.pdf in Polish (with summary in Polish and German)
In the article the author considers the problem of value response, using the methods of the aesthetic theories which prefer the ‘material’ approach to this axiological issue, as well as referring to Francis Bacon’s painting. This answer is an emotional response to many dimensions of the painting. The analysis will concern, however, artistic factors whose significance is often omitted in general aesthetic investigations: the support (or basis) of the painting, the canvas’ properties, the type of paint, the color layer, the painting tools, and even the technical background – the type and size of the canvas. The analysis of these categories presents how the colorful logos of the painting gradually emerges; the logos whose order of sensuous influence and violence of colour cooperate with formal discipline in creating the exceptional merit – a terrible beauty.

Keywords: painting, canvas, artistic value, beauty, aesthetics, ontology, Bacon

Urszula Maja Krzyżanowska, On the Relationships of Art and Erotic Culture on the Basis of Japanese Shunga fulltext.pdf in Polish (with summary in English and German)

The article examines relations between artistic creation and erotic culture on the example of Japan and tests the question if analysis of art may be used to reconstruct the understanding of different categories in a given culture. In the history of Japanese visual arts the word ‘shunga’ (春画) came into existence; it can be translated as ‘spring images’. The word ‘spring’ is a euphemism for sexual activities and ‘shunga’ can be understood as Japanese erotic art. This article shows why ‘spring images’ are not only the works of art, but also an illustration of Japanese – not only erotic – culture.

Keywords: shunga, ukiyo-e, art, the arts, eroticism, pornography, Japanese aesthetics

Anna Głąb, “Twice Born”: On the Margin of Anthon Chekhov’s “A Boring Story” fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German) Author polemicizes with Lev Shestov who called Anthon Chekhov “a poet of hopelessness,” indicating Chekhov’s philosophy of humour inherent in the form and content of his works. This philosophy is well exemplified in the contrapuntal narrative structure of his “A Boring Story,” the story whose main concern is the question: “What to do?” Anna Głąb offers an alternative to Shestov’s category of “creation from the void,” referring to the philosophy of William James (especially the concepts of the twice-born and the will to believe), which provides adequate categories for the diagnosis of Chekhov’s melancholy heroes. Finally, after Thomas Mann, the author states that Chekhov’s response to the question “What to do?” is commitment through work.

Keywords: Chekhov, Shestov, James, Mann, the twice-born, will to believe, counterpoint, humour, melancholy, work

Justyna Kleszcz, The Influence of Animals on the Form of Modern Urban Space fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German

Animals have accompanied humans in urban space since the very beginnings of their sedentary life. Equally, the significance of the role that animals play in the everyday lives of humans is widely known and unquestionable. However, it was not that long time ago that humans came to terms with the fact that animals tend to abandon city centres with a view to finding a more peaceful and less dangerous habitat. It was Peter Singer who paved the way for the counter-movement, i.e., the return of animals to their former urban habitats. Singer’s thought has served as the foundation of the movement whose aim is to raise the awareness of the importance of the presence of wild animals in urban areas. The present article attempts to characterize the factors that contributed to the change of attitude to urban space as a human monoculture and resulted in changing the said space into a site of integration – an interspecific space.

Keywords: interspecific space, animal in architecture, city, housing development, design for animals.

Ewa Szczepankiewicz-Rudzka, An-Nisayat – Different Dimensions of Feminism in the Muslim World fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German)

The phenomenon of feminism, generally associated with the Western world, has its equivalent in the Muslim culture. The beginnings of the feminist ideology in the world of Islam – An- Nisayat date back to the end of the 19th century. Three main streams could be distinguished within the above movement. The first one, called “invisible feminism”, occurred in the period between 1860 and 1920. The second period of the movement took place till the 1970s. It is characterised by the secular and liberal approach to the women’s rights and often tends to be referred to as a copy of the model of the Western society. The third period of the movement –Islamic feminism, as opposed to the earlier incarnation of the phenomenon, looks for its ideological bases in Islam. The article presents the three streams of the Muslim feminism as outlined above. The last part of the article discusses several international organisations which form the global, transnational movement of Islamic feminism.

Keywords: Islam, feminist movements, feminism in Islam, status of the woman in Islam.

R E P O R T S :

Leszek Kopciuch, Od idei postępu do idei kryzysu, Lublin, 28-28 stycznia 2014 fulltext.pdf (in Polish)

Leszek Kopciuch, Uzasadnianie w aksjologii i etyce, Lublin 27-28 marca 2014 fulltext.pdf (in Polish)

 Licencja Creative Commons

Ten utwór jest dostępny na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Unported.