Issue 3(11) /2014




From the Editorial Board fulltext.pdf (in English)

A R T I C L E S:

Kazimierz Rynkiewicz, Mystical Philosophy, or rather Philosophical Mysticism? Anthropological Conditions of Mysticism and Philosophy of Karol Wojtyła fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German)

As individual fields of research, philosophy and mysticism penetrate deep each other and affect each other throughout. This is especially seen in the thought of Karol Wojtyła, the future Pope John Paul II. Therefore, the question arises: are we dealing here with mystical philosophy or philosophical mysticism? The aim of this paper is not to provide an extensive analysis of the relation between mysticism and philosophy, but to name a few basic elements which have a mystical and a philosophical character and are required for the proper understanding of philosophy of Wojtyła. What the present paper is concerned with is the following: the experience, metaphysics and a person. In this context, there arises a question about the efficiency of the integration factor that permeates the areas of mysticism and philosophy.

Keywords: Keywords: mysticism, philosophy, experience, integration

Paweł Nowicki, Charles Taylor’s Discussion with Naturalism fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German)

The purpose of this article is to trace Charles Taylor’s considerations concerning the issues of human identity and to show the main points of his anti-naturalist position. The Canadian philosopher’s criticism of naturalism consists, inter alia, of the identification of man’s constitutive axiological horizon – the conceptual framework, prior to any reductionist conceptions of human nature. One of the topics of the paper is to present Taylor’s thoughts within the tradition of Husserl’s phenomenology and the hermeneutical philosophy of Gadamer and Heidegger. The above said category of conceptual framework is compared with Gadamer’s notion of superstition (Vorurteil).

Keywords: naturalism, psychologism, hermeneutical philosophy, phenomenology

Magdalena Hoły-Łuczaj, Posthumanism: Between Metaphysics and Ethics fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German)

This paper explores the key assumption for posthumanism, according to which developing new metaphysics will bring about the establishment of new ethics, which considers not only human, but also non-human beings. The article first reconstructs this view using an example of “new materialism” (R. Braidotti, J. Bennett, D. Coole, S. Frost), and subsequently discusses problems related to the justification of ethical reasons by metaphysical assertions, which occur within post-humanism.

Keywords: post-humanism, new materialism, metaphysics, ethics

Justyna Rynkiewicz, Justification in Ethics of Emmanuel Lévinas fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German)

The article concerns the problem of justification in ethics by Emmanuel Lévinas. According to its thesis, stating the reasons for good deeds is pointless, due to the non-intellectual nature of an ethical relationship. To the French thinker, the mind (with its tendency towards totalisation) legitimises violence. A human should see the irreducible otherness of the other person to be able to start a metaphysical relationship with her/him. This is impossible by using reason. The nature of this relation is defies intellectual reasoning. The present paper attempts to show why the reason does not constitute the necessary element of the foundation of ethics. It also analyses problems which attempting to justify morality by means of intellectual justification leads to.

Keywords: ethics, justification, metaphysical relationship, morality

Markus Lipowicz, Marquis de Sade’s anti-Decalogue, or the Relationship between Postmodernisation and Dechristianisation of the Western Culture fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German)

The aim of the present article is an interpretation of the works of Marquise de Sade from a philosophical and sociological point of view. The text also poses a polemic with the interpretations of Sade’s work, which are generally acclaimed in Poland. Introducing the Marquis as a proto-postmodernist, I will try to indicate that the he effectively managed to express the authentic tendencies of the contemporary Western culture. Trying to face the final consequences of the departure from the Christian traditions and principles of social integration, Sade believed that the departure from metaphysical ideas should limit the human life to its sensual dimension. Likewise, the contemporary expansion of pornography and the mass culture based on erotic content builds a virtual world of lust and a persisting game of human sensuality. The philosophical foundation of this development constitutes the work of de Sade. In conclusion, the contemporary postmodern Western culture creates a social reality in which human intentionally allows her/his senses to dominate ideas – and not vice versa.

Keywords: Marquis de Sade, modernity, postmodernity, Christianity, dechristianisation, nature, values, drives, erotic, culture, virtual world

Ganna Bilyk, “Negative” and “Positive” Conceptions of Creativity: “Ontological Measures” and Intentionality fulltext.pdf (in English with summary in Polish and German)

Approaches to the understanding of creativity are divided in relation to the “ontological measure”. Accordingly, the positive approach involves the addition of a new Being to the world through creativity; the negative approach involves the subtraction of the Being from one of the components of the creative process, for the possibility of creativity. It is possible to allocate “the direction” of creativity, in relation to the addition or subtraction through the study of “creator – creation” relations in every conception of creativity. For example, negative creativity is possible only through subtraction of the Being from the position “creator”. The conceptions of Berdyaev and Blanchot are chosen as representative approaches. In addition, the researcher notes that there are more complicated approaches to the understanding of creativity, for example, “neutral” or transformative ones, which are based on the transformation of the existing Being in the world. The anthropological aspect of creativity is revealed through the notion of intentionality. This concept shows equal opportunities of different approaches and concepts in the field of practice of creativity.

Keywords: creativity, “negative” approach, “positive” approach, intentionality

Krystyna Skurjat, Educational Dialogue – Opportunities and Threats fulltext.pdf (in Polish with summary in English and German)

The purpose of this article is justification of the view that communication skills are the most important part of the process of education and that the difficult art to master the principles of open communication (both in the form of direct communication and indirect) is a prerequisite for an effective agreement. To build proper inter-human relationships, people should realise a good type of dialogue: content, language and climate talks should foster openness (i.e. the rank of problems), mindfulness and between the truth. Good conversation requires mandatory expulsion of habitual, automatic adoption of a defensive posture. It should facilitate building a sense of subjective closeness and security.

Keywords: dialogue, interpersonal communication, socialisation, effective communication

R E V I E W S:

Krzysztof Rojek, Review: Józef Bremer, Czy wolna wola jest wolna? Kompatybilizm na tle badań interdyscyplinarnych, Wydawnictwo WAM, Kraków 2013 fulltext.pdf (in Polish)

Tomasz Stefaniuk, Review: Eugeniusz Sakowicz, Muzułmańśka edukacja i wychowanie. Pedagogiczna wizja M. Fethullaha Güllena, Białystok 2014 fulltext.pdf (in Polish)

Leszek Kopciuch, Review: Adam Nobis, Studia globalne. Wprowadzenie, Wyd. Chromcon, Wrocław 2014 fulltext.pdf (in Polish)

R E P O R T S :

Honorata Jakuszko, Znaczenie filozofii Oświecenia w kulturze europejskiej, Lublin, 9-10 października 2014 fulltext.pdf (in Polish)

Leszek Kopciuch, Przyroda – Miasto – Globalność, Wrocław, 17 października 2014 fulltext.pdf (in Polish)

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